The Salish people were given the name "Flatheads" by other North American tribes along the Columbia River to the west. They compressed the heads of their babies into a peak by means of a cone-shaped wicker headpiece, making their heads flat. Ordway didn't remember to come back and fill in their mileage. Clark says they came 22 miles, pretty respectable given the size of the group and the difficulty of the trail.
[Ordway] a fare morning. we Set out eairly and proceeded on 2 miles and passd. Several lodges of the Snake nation of Indians who Stay here to fish. they catch Sammon in their pots and wires [weirs] which they have made of willows across the River and have more or less in them everry morng. we bough a nomber of fine large Sammon of them and proceeded on. . . . one strange Indian seen which is Supposed to be one of the flat head nation. he ran off, and the Indians could not find him. we then proceeded on over rough high hills. Some deep Gullies of white earth. Several of the natives followed us. went about eight miles without water and halted at a large Spring branch to let our horses feed and dine ourselves. Some pitch pine on the mountains which make near the River on each Side. the River bottoms narrow and verry much dryed up. the Soil verry indifferent. we proceeded on over a level Smooth plain abt. 7 miles then passed the end of a mountain near the River where the Stone lay one on an other & holes So that the horses could Scarsely git along without breaking their legs. we then proceeded on to a large Creek which falls in on the East Side of the River. we took a path up Sd. Creek and proceeded on found wild or choke cherrys along the branch. also Servis berrys which were ripe. we Came [blank] miles this day and Camped at Some Indian lodges near the Creek. one of the hunters killed a deer at dusk and brought it to Camp after dark.—